What Are The 10 Basic Word Formation Processes?

53-60) it is stated that there many types of word formation processes. They are Page 3 coinage, borrowing, compounding, blending, clipping, backformation, conversion, acronym, derivation, prefix and suffix, and multiple processes.

What are the 10 most common prefixes?


  • anti- against. antifreeze.
  • de- opposite. defrost.
  • dis-* not, opposite of. disagree.
  • en-, em- cause to. encode, embrace.
  • fore- before. forecast.
  • in-, im- in. infield.
  • in-, im-, il-, ir-* not. injustice, impossible.
  • inter- between. interact.

How do I create a new word?

When two free morphemes are joined together to make a new word, the result is called a compound word. The most common way of compounding is to join a noun with a noun: toothbrush, car park, tablecloth, chairperson, lawnmower, teatowel, ladybird, bedroom.

What are the 20 examples of prefix?

20 Examples of Prefixes

de-, dis-opposite of, notdepose, detour, dehydrated, decaffeinated, discord, discomfort, disengage
un-oppositeuncover, unlock, unsafe, unemployment
semi-halfsemicircle, semiprecious, semicolon, semifinal
re-again; backrewrite, reread, return
mid-middlemidterm, Midwest, midstream, midway, midnight

Is Hamburger A word formation?

Etymology. Back-formation from hamburger, as if it were ham + -burger.

What are the examples of word formation?

Word formation in English

  • Noun + noun. Examples are: master-piece, table-cloth, maid-servant, bread-winner, shoe-maker etc.
  • Noun + gerund. Examples are: wool-gathering, snake-charming, bull-baiting, sooth-saying etc.
  • Noun + adjective.
  • Gerund + noun.
  • Adverb + noun.
  • Verb + noun.
  • Adjective + noun.
  • Present participle + noun.

What is acronyms in word formation?

An acronym is a word formed by abbreviating a phrase by combining certain letters of words in the phrase (often the first initial of each) into a single term. Common examples of acronyms include NASA (an acronym for National Aeronautics and Space Administration) and FOMO (a slang acronym for fear of missing out).

Is agenda a word formation?

Agenda was originally the plural form of agendum, a Latin word meaning “something that needs to be done.” Hence, the plural agenda represented a list of items that needed to be dealt with. However, agenda is now considered a singular noun in English and takes a singular verb.

What is the most longest word?


What is a word formation process?

The word-formation process is the process by which new words are produced either by modification of existing words or by complete innovation, which in turn become a part of the language. We can very quickly understand a new word in our language (a neologism) and accept the use of different forms of that new word.

What is derivation in word formation?

derivation, in descriptive linguistics and traditional grammar, the formation of a word by changing the form of the base or by adding affixes to it (e.g., “hope” to “hopeful”). It is a major source of new words in a language. In historical linguistics, the derivation of a word is its history, or etymology.

What is word formation and its types?

Word formation process is the way of creating new words by adding affixes and using the existing words. According to O'Grady and Archibald (2016), types of word formation are inflection, derivation, cliticization, suppletion, compounding, conversion, blending, clipping, and acronyms and initialisms.

What is an example of a portmanteau word?

Examples in English include chortle (from chuckle and snort), smog (from smoke and fog), brunch (from breakfast and lunch), mockumentary (from mock and documentary), and spork (from spoon and fork). A portmanteau is a suitcase that opens into halves.

What are the 50 examples of prefix?

50 Examples of Prefixes, Definition and Examples

Fore-BeforeForecast, foresight
In-İnInfield, infiltrate
In-, im-, il-, ir-NotInjustice, impossible, irregular

What word formation is brunch?

Blending is a type of word formation in which two or more words are merged into one so that the blended constituents are either clipped, or partially overlap. An example of a typical blend is brunch, in which the beginning of the word breakfast is joined with the ending of the word lunch.

What are the 10 basic word formation processes?

53-60) it is stated that there many types of word formation processes. They are Page 3 coinage, borrowing, compounding, blending, clipping, backformation, conversion, acronym, derivation, prefix and suffix, and multiple processes.

What is back formation and examples?

Back formations are formed when a new word is created by removing a supposed affix from an existing word. For example, the verb enthuse was created in the 20th century by back formation from the much older noun enthusiasm.

What are the 4 types of word formation?

There are four main kinds of word formation: prefixes, suffixes, conversion and compounds.

What is an example of a prefix word?

A prefix is a group of letters placed before the root of a word. For example, the word “unhappy” consists of the prefix “un-” combined with the root (or stem) word “happy”; the word “unhappy” means “not happy.”

Dated : 02-Jun-2022

Category : Education

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