Basics: Pattern Symbols
As the name suggests, mirrored pieces are pieces of the same exact shape, but cut in opposite directions, so as to be symmetrical mirror images of each other. We frequently need to cut mirrored pieces when sewing garments.
“With nap” means that you cut all the pattern pieces (even the facing) in the SAME direction, and “without nap” means that you can cut regardless of the direction (just don't forget to follow the grain line though).
It means the width of the fabric, some fabrics are 60″ wide and others are 45″ only, 45 inches wide is more common. Melissa.
Laying out your pattern on the fabric to prepare for cutting is an important step that must be done carefully and accurately for great-looking results. A well-sewn garment starts at the cutting table.
A pattern is a two-dimensional diagram of a garment, drafted by what is known in the fashion industry as a pattern maker or pattern cutter. The process is also known as pattern drafting, pattern cutting and flat patterning. Once a pattern is made, it is subsequently cut and sewn in fabric to make a garment.
Basics: Pattern Symbols
If your pattern says to "Cut 2", you'll want to fold your fabric half with your selvages together. (If you are unfamiliar with the word selvage, check out our Fabric Anatomy post.) Notice the selvages are on the right side and the fold is on the left.
Five basic pattern pieces are used for womens clothing. They include a snug-fitting bodice front and bodice back with darts and a basic neckline, a sleeve and a fitted skirt front and back with darts.
The two well-known methods of pattern construction are draping and flat patterning. Each solution requires slightly different resources to complete the mission. Draping is a technique for achieving a perfect look by manually shaping fabric on a dress form.
The pattern itself consists of 3 main parts: the envelope – which shows you a diagram of the garment you are making and gives fabric requirements, the instruction sheet explaining how to put your item together and the pattern itself, which is normally printed on tissue paper.
Conclusion. To create a simple pattern, a pattern maker would have to follow five essential steps: gathering their material, taking proper measurements, adding styles and designs, grading their design, then draping it to result in the final garment.
The easiest is when the maker has put the date on the envelope or on the instruction sheet. McCall, later McCall's, patterns are always dated. Look along the edge on the back of the envelope, or sometimes on the flap. Simplicity patterns were dated in the 1940s and into the 50s, on the instruction sheet.
Understanding the basics of pattern making will provide insight into how your garments will take shape. Take a look at some of the main elements of this art to take your initial sketches to the next level.
Table of contents
Pattern Manipulation: The process in which you change and reshape pattern blocks to adjust the fit or incorporate a new design. Basic Pattern Set: A 5-piece set of flat patterning blocks consisting of a front and back bodice, a long sleeve, and a front and back skirt block.
You should iron or at least use some form to smooth out the wrinkles and creases in a sewing pattern before using it. This is due to the patterns being so compact in the envelope they often hide important details in the creases.
What factors should be considered when choosing a pattern?
Tips for Cutting Patterns in Record Time
Darts are typically used in the bust area, waistline, and back of dresses, tops, and skirts to shape them around the body's contours. Darts enhance garments by creating style lines, which is a seam that gives clothing a unique or distinct look. Stretch fabrics do not need darts since they already provide shape and fit.
Tell you what direction your pattern piece should be placed on your fabric. Your grain line is always parallel to the selvage. If your pattern piece should be lay lengthwise, crosswise or on the bias, the grainline will tell you (as well as the layout guide).
When sewing and using tissue paper pattern pieces that are folded or very wrinkled, it is very important to press the pattern pieces with a dry iron on a low setting so they lay flat. The iron should be on a very low setting to prevent the pieces from scorching. DO NOT USE STEAM.
Dated : 16-May-2022
Category : Education