What Is Difference Between Cns And Pns?


The central nervous system (CNS) includes the brain and spinal cord, while the peripheral nervous system includes all of the nerves that branch out from the brain and spinal cord and extend to other parts of the body including muscles and organs.



What is the function of auxin?

Auxin is a key regulator of plant growth and development, orchestrating cell division, elongation and differentiation, embryonic development, root and stem tropisms, apical dominance, and transition to flowering.


Is gigantism a thing?

Gigantism is a serious condition that is nearly always caused by an adenoma, a tumor of the pituitary gland. Gigantism occurs in patients who had excessive growth hormone in childhood. The pituitary tumor cells secrete too much growth hormone (GH), leading to many changes in the body.


Is pituitary called the master gland?

The pituitary gland is sometimes called the "master" gland of the endocrine system because it controls the functions of many of the other endocrine glands. The pituitary gland is no larger than a pea, and is located at the base of the brain.


What is the importance of chemical hormones for control and coordination?

There are special chemicals which act as hormones and provide chemical coordination, integration and regulation in the human body. These hormones regulate metabolism, growth and development of our organs, the endocrine glands or certain cells.


What is the function of the pineal gland?

The pineal gland was described as the “Seat of the Soul” by Renee Descartes and it is located in the center of the brain. The main function of the pineal gland is to receive information about the state of the light-dark cycle from the environment and convey this information to produce and secrete the hormone melatonin.


Which endocrine gland functions are integrated and coordinated way with sympathetic nervous system?

The hypothalamus is involved in many functions of the autonomic nervous system, as it receives information from nearly all parts of the nervous system. As such, it is considered the link between the nervous system and the endocrine system.


What is meant by coordination Class 12?

(1) COORDINATION REFERS TO : Synchronization of various activities and efforts of. • all individuals, • groups. • departments. in common direction to achieve the goals of the organization.


Why is chemical hormonal coordination necessary?

Chemical coordination is necessary due to restrictions in the utilisation of electrical impulses. Hormone communication is involved in chemical coordination. The signalling does not need any specialised tissue, such as nerve tissue.


Who invented hormone?

The English physician E. H. Starling discovered in collaboration with the physiologist W. M. Bayliss secretin, the first hormone, in 1902. Three years later they introduced the hormone concept with recognition of chemical regulation, early regulatory physiology took a major step forward.


Who first used the word hormone?

Ernest Starling


What gland produces cortisol?

the adrenal gland


What causes release of ACTH?

ACTH is secreted from the anterior pituitary in response to corticotropin-releasing hormone from the hypothalamus. corticotropin-releasing hormone is secreted in response to many types of stress, which makes sense in view of the "stress management" functions of glucocorticoids.


What regulates basal metabolic rate?

The basal metabolic rate of the body is controlled by the hormones T3 and T4, produced by the thyroid gland in response to the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), produced by the anterior pituitary.


Which gland produces thyroxine?

Thyroid hormone actually represents the combination of the two main hormones that your thyroid gland releases: thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). They're often collectively referred to as “thyroid hormone” because T4 is largely inactive, meaning it doesn't impact your cells, whereas T3 is active.


What gland produces GH?

Pituitary gland


What is chemical coordination and integration?

CHEMICAL COORDINATION AND INTEGRATION. an increased concentration of glucose in blood. In addition, they also stimulate the breakdown of lipids and proteins. The adrenal cortex can be divided into three layers, called zona reticularis (inner layer), zona fasciculata (middle layer) and zona glomerulosa (outer layer).


How does chemical coordination take place in plants Class 10?

Ans: Chemical coordination in plants are occurred in plants with the help of fluids secreted in plants known as phytohormones or plant hormones. These hormones regulate the growth of the plants.


What are hormones Class 11?

“Hormones are chemicals synthesized and produced by the specialized glands to control and regulate the activity of certain cells and organs. These specialized glands are known as endocrine glands.” Table of Contents. Hormones.


How does chemical coordination take place?

Answer: Chemical coordination takes place in animals with the help of hormones. Hormones are the chemical fluids that are secreted by the glands of the endocrine system. Hormones regulate the overall growth and development of animals.


What is insulin Class 8?

Insulin is a hormone that lowers the level of glucose (a type of sugar) in the blood. It's made by the beta cells of the pancreas and released into the blood when the glucose level goes up, such as after eating.


Dated : 21-May-2022

Category : Education

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